دوره 13، شماره 1 - ( 5-1397 )                   جلد 13 شماره 1 صفحات 40-49 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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1- کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران.
2- استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران. ، anesayan@gmail.com
3- استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران.
چکیده:   (252 مشاهده)

هدف رضایت از زندگی یک سازه مهم روان‌شناختی و به معنی ارزیابی کلی فرد از زندگی است. متغیرهای بسیاری می‌توانند در ارتباط با رضایت از زندگی اهمیت داشته باشند.
مواد و روش ها این پژوهش برای تعیین رابطه بین حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و رضایت از زندگی با نقش واسطه تاب‌آوری و امیدواری انجام شد. ۲۷۰ نفر از نوجوانان بی‌سرپرست که در اداره بهزیستی، کمیته امداد امام خمینی و اداره تأمین اجتماعی شهرستان زابل پرونده داشتند، در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. شرکت‌کنندگان پرسش‌نامه مقیاس رضایت از زندگی، مقیاس چند‌بُعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده، مقیاس تاب‌آوری و مقیاس امیدواری صفتی را تکمیل کردند.
یافته ها پژوهش نشان داد مدل رابطه حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و رضایت از زندگی با واسطه امیدواری و تاب‌آوری با داده‌ها برازش دارد. همچنین داده‌ها حاکی از ارتباط مثبت، مستقیم و معنی‌دار بین حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده با امیدواری، تاب‌آوری و رضایت از زندگی بود. علاوه بر این امیدواری و تاب‌آوری به طور مثبت، مستقیم و معنی‌دار بر رضایت از زندگی تأثیر داشت.
نتیجه گیری آنچه جمع‌بندی یافته‌های این پژوهش، مبانی نظری و پژوهشی به‌دست آمده نشان می‌دهد این است که در گسترش و بهبود رضایت از زندگی درنظر‌گرفتن متغیرهای پیش‌بین مانند حمایت اجتماعی و سازوکارهای واسطه‌ای مانند تاب‌آوری و امیدواری ضروری است. 

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۵/۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۹/۱۴ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۱/۱

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